The Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India, came into existence as a separate Ministry with effect from 30 January, 2006. It has the nodal responsibility to advance the rights and concerns of women and children who together constitute 67.7% of the country’s population, as per 2011 Census. The Ministry was constituted with the prime intention of addressing gaps in State action for women and children and for promoting inter-Ministerial and inter-sectoral convergence to create gender equitable and child-centred legislation, policies and programmes. The functions of the Ministry include promoting the survival, protection, development and participation of women and children in a holistic manner.
The National Commission for Women is a statutory body constituted on 31st January, 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 to protect and promote the interests and safeguard the rights of women. During the year 2013-2014, the Commission continued to follow its mandated role and activities, prominent among them being the review of laws and suggesting amendments in laws relating to women, looking into the complaints of deprivation of rights of women and cases of atrocities, harassment, denial of rights and exploitation of women. The Commission also took suo-motu action in specific cases of complaints to restore women’s legitimate rights and to maintain their dignity.
This Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs census includes the gender breakdown of various demographics of people in different sectors of society, including of those in the countryside versus the cities, of different castes, in different industries, their literacy rates, etc.
This is the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) India, conducted by the Government of India’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and covers topics such as gender differences in access to education, women’s freedom of mobility and decision-making power, gender differentials in household decision-making power, rates of spousal violence, among other topics.
This book examines the health problems of India’s women and the programs designed to meet their needs. It provides a background for the World Bank’s discussions with the Indian government on further developing public, voluntary, and private sector capacity to address these problems. The report examines the indicators of women’s health status in India–infant and young child mortality, maternal mortality, morbidity, fertility, and occupational and social influences on health–and analyzes the primary factors affecting women’s well-being. These factors include women’s social status and education, the preference for sons, the type of labor imposed on women, and the characteristics of India’s traditional health systems. The book lists measures necessary to address existing policy and implementation constraints and to improve the quality, acceptability, and utilization of services essential to women’s health. It focuses on the role of the public health sector–the provision of family planning, preventive health, and nutrition services to the majority of India’s vast rural population–although it recognizes the increasingly important roles played by both the private voluntary and for-profit sectors in the delivery of health care services. This report identifies workable strategies for improving the health and nutrition of India’s girls and women, and concludes that focused efforts to improve the health and overall status of females will provide substantial benefits in terms of human welfare, poverty alleviation, and economic growth.
UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, is an international development agency that promotes the right of every woman, man and child to enjoy a life of health and equal opportunity. UNFPA supports countries in using population data for policies and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe, every young person is free of HIV/AIDS, and every girl and woman is treated with dignity and respeAt this link, you will find a list of their India-specific publications including titles such as “Violence Against Women in India”, “Uphold My Reproductive Rights”, “Prevention and Management of Infertility in Primary Health Care Settings”, among many others.
In this Report of the Special Rapporteur on Minority Issues for the Human Rights Council, Rita Izsák provides an update of her activities during 2015, including her survey of human rights issues of concern in South Asia. It includes a thematic analysis on the topic of minorities and discrimination based on caste and analogous systems of inherited status, as well as an analysis of the situation of caste-affected women and girls.
The Special Rapporteur on Minority Issues of the Human Rights Council has developed this handbook to assist policy makers and rights holders in understanding and implementing the linguistic human rights of linguistic minorities. It touches upon the necessary balance between a state’s official language (or languages) and its obligations to use or respect the language preferences of linguistic minorities. The Guide aims to: clarify what are the various human rights of linguistic minorities relevant to language use and preferences; clarify the obligations of state authorities towards linguistic minorities; support the development and continuous improvement of effective and cost-efficient approaches and practices for these linguistic human rights; and promote consistent approaches to the participation and inclusion of minorities and implementation of their language rights.
This report for the Human Rights Council provides a thematic discussion on “Hate speech and incitement to hatred against minorities in the media”. The Special Rapporteur highlights that media can also be misused as a platform for discrimination, exclusion and the incitement of hostility and violence against particular individuals and groups, through hate speech as well as xenophobic discourse. The Special Rapporteur identifies and analyses factors that influence and perpetuate hate speech in the media. She urges States to adopt legislation prohibiting national, racial or religious hatred that constitutes incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence, in line with article 20 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and to put in place practical policy and programme measures to prevent hate speech from leading to hate crimes.
The present Human Rights Council report seeks to identify some of the major causes of violence against minorities and to consider actions that should be taken by States and other actors to prevent and appropriately address violence and to ensure that it does not persist or escalate.
The present Human Rights Council report includes a thematic discussion on “Ensuring the inclusion of minority issues in post-2015 development agendas”. As momentum builds towards the shaping of new global development goals, addressing inequalities has emerged as a core area of discussion and consultation. This gives greater attention to the issues of women, those with disabilities, the elderly and vulnerable groups. The Independent Expert identifies the need for the new global development agenda to include specific goals relating to addressing inequality and promoting social inclusion, which include specific requirements and targets focused on activities to address the situations of disadvantaged minority groups.
The present report focuses on minority rights-based approaches to the protection and promotion of the rights of religious minorities.
The present Human Rights Council report focuses on the value of institutional attention to minority issues within governmental organs, national human rights institutions and other relevant national bodies as a means of promoting minority rights and mainstream attention to minority issues across all relevant bodies. It considers essential elements of institutional attention to minority issues and provides an overview of some practices adopted by States and the functions, roles and activities of institutions in respect of promoting and protecting the rights of minorities. A key recommendation is that States consider institutional attention to minority rights as an essential component of their human rights, equality and non-discrimination obligations and as a means of implementing practically the Declaration.
Developed in partnership with the UN Independent Expert on minority issues and the OHCHR, this UNDP publication clarifies the conceptual issues and fundamental principles on the promotion and protection of minorities; the standards to engage them and increase their opportunities for participation and representation in development processes.
This is the independent expert on minority issues’ report for the Human Rights Council on his thematic work on issues relating to the discriminatory denial or deprivation of citizenship as a tool for exclusion of national, ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities. Minorities often face discrimination and exclusion, and they struggle to gain access to their human rights, even under conditions of full and unquestioned citizenship. Denying or stripping them of citizenship can be an effective method of compounding their vulnerability, and can even lead to mass expulsion. Once denied or deprived of citizenship, minorities are inevitably denied protection of their basic rights and freedoms, including minority rights as established in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities.